Politics A Level Revision Notes

Subject: Politics
Level: A level
Exam Boards: All


Political Vocabulary for Politics A levels

PRESSURE GROUPS POLITICAL PARTIES PARLIAMENT CORE EXECUTIVE
Single-issue groups Nationalist parties Legislature Cabinet
New pressure group politics Single-issue parties Head of state Majority/minority/coalition gov.
Participation, Representation, Education Two-party system The Westminster Model Patronage
Sectional groups Single-party systems Bicameralism ‘Dual Monarchy’
Cause groups Dominant-party systems Parliamentary sovereignty Cabinet reshuffle
Attitude cause groups Multi-party system Motion of no confidence Bilateral
Political cause groups Internal party democracy Front/backbencher Prime Minister’s Office
Sectional cause groups Affiliated organisations Whip Transactional leaders
Insider/outsider groups Ordinary party members ‘check and balance’ Transformational leaders
Core insiders Ordinary members of Parliament Hereditary/life peers/Lords spiritual ‘Quad’
Specialist insiders Separating ‘the wheat from the chaff’ Legislation ‘Big Beasts’
Peripheral insiders Women-only shortlists Scrutiny and accountability Cabinet government
Outsiders by necessity A-list/hustings/open primaries Legitimacy Prime Ministerial government
Ideological outsiders Short money/Cranborne money Public bill/Act/Bill Core executive
Potential insiders Political spectrum Green/White paper Presidentialisation
‘pushing through an open door’ Authoritarian/Libertarian Committee of the Whole House ‘Kitchen cabinet’
‘Captive’ or ‘prisoner groups’ Paternalism Private member’s bill ‘Sofa politics’
Direct action Monetarism Secondary legislation Cabinet system
Civil disobedience Post-war consensus Party discipline Cabinet committees
Representative democracy Adversarial politics Select committee Inner cabinet
Liberal democracy Neo-liberalism ‘Confidence and supply’ Cabinet office
Pluralist democracy Thatcherism/one-nation conservatism Parliamentary rebellion Collective responsibility
Elite theory ‘heir to Blair’ Backbench Business Committee Individual ministerial responsibility
‘Balance the books’ ‘Cameroons’ Constituent Special adviser
‘joined-up government’ ‘Old Labour’/ ‘New Labour’ Royal assent Spin doctor
Pluralism/elitism Triangulation/Third Way Upper House Bureaucracy
‘Cheque-book membership’ Social justice ‘Unelected chamber’ Executive agency
Issue networks/policy networks Gang of four ‘Cross-party support’ Marketisation
Consultation Classical liberalism/progressive liberalism Division Leadership
Whitehall Mandate Representation ‘Jumped before he was pushed’ (Blair)

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